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BANAT'S HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY FOR THE LAST MILLENNIUM 

XVI - XVII CENTURY

  year/month/date

XVI Century

1510

The plague makes many casualties in Timisoara.

1514

Fortress Timisoara is attacked by rebel peasant troops led by Gheorghe Doja. The revolt was put down and Gheorghe Doja executed in a cruel and unmerciful way [along with others 40,000-60,000 rebel peasants] in Timisoara. Today, on the place of the martyrdom, of the hot throne, there is the statue of Saint Marry, manufactured by architect Laszlo Szekely and sculptor Gyorgy Kiss. According to the legend, during Gheorghe Doja's surplice, the Jesuits monks saw in the ear the image of Holy Mary. The first statue was raised here in 1865. The actual monument was raised in 1906.

1514

Dryness in Banat.

1520

The first documented hospital [near an asylum] in Banat at Cenad.

1521

Belgrade is conquered by the turks.

1531

Two hospitals are documented at Lipova.

1548

The fortress of Faget is mentioned for the first time in documents; in 1607 Faget is the capital of the region with the same name.

1549

Opening of the Protestant School in Timisoara founded and led by Istvan Kiss of Szeged.

1551.05.05

Lugoj became a free town/Civitas Reginalis.

1551.10.13

Timisoara is under turkish siege. Only the winter will save the city.

1551-1552

Bischop Ioan VIII Barlabas of Hederfaja abandoned Cenad and between 1552-1724, the residence of the Cenad Bishopric was moved to Seghed.

1551.10.13

Timisoara under a new turkish siege. On 27.10.1551, the turkish army is retreating to Belgrade.

1552.04.27

Timisoara is again under a turkish siege.

1552.07.27

Timisoara surrenders in front of the ottoman's army [160,000 soldiers]. The whole plain Banat [the western part of the Banat region] is occupied in 3 months. The turkish domination on the plain part of Banat lasted for 164 years [until 1716].

1552.07.30

Cruel massacre of all the troops, lead by Captain Stefan Losonczy, which were defending Timisoara by the turks.

The plain Banat is transformed in "pasalic" [Ey‚let-i Temesvar] by the turks.

1554

The East Banat [Lugoj-Caransebes region] will be part of Transylvania up to 1658 when Acatiu Barcsay will give it to the turks in exchange for the Transylvania's throne and the region is integrated to Timisoara's pasalic.

1582

Plague in the Caransebes area.

1582.03.08

Letter written in hungarian language addressed to the Pope/Grigore XIII in Rome by the representatives of the Roman-Catholic parishioners in Timisoara.

1594

Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Transilvania, starts the fight against the ottomans. The romanians from Banat, under the leadership of Gheorghe Palatici of Ilidia, will help him.

1596.07.10

Sigismund Bathory and Mihai Viteazul, ruler of Muntenia, after a 40 days siege, fails to re-conquest Timisoara.

1597

Paul Karadi sets up a Unitarian Bishopric in Timisoara.

1597

Leading the transilvanian troops, Chancellor Stefan Josika attacks Timisoara, but without success.

 

 

XVII Century

1602

Moise Szekely and his family, together with Gabriel Bethlen, take refuge in Timisoara.

1602.09.13

Gabriel Bethlen and 50 loyal persons take refuge in Timisoara because Prince Gabriel Bathory menaced them with the death.

1641

Heavy winter in Banat. The October's frost will damage the crops.

1650-1653

The leader of the Romanian Orthodox Churhc in Banat was the archbishop Iosif. He will be canonized as  

Saint Iosif cel Nou de la Partos/Saint New Joseph from Partos on 6.09.1956.

1660

The turkish historian, geograph and globetrotter Evliya Celebi [B 1611, D March 1682] visit Timisoara. According to him [in Seyahatname/The bock of travels], the locality had more than 36,000 inhabitants [living in 10 suburbs -1500 houses- around the fortress] and the fortress's garrison numbered 10,000 soldiers. In the fortress existed 1200 houses, more than 400 shops, 4 public baths, 3 restaurants and confectioneries, 7 schools. In 1664 Celebi will revisit Timisoara.

Starting 1666

Economic recession in the Ottoman Empire

1688

After the uprising from Kiprova area/Bulgaria, bulgarian Roman Catholic communities [also from the Nicopole area] migrate to the North of the Danube [in Muntenia], in the region of Oltenia [Craiova, Rammnicu Valcea, Bradiceni]. These communities will immigrate to Banat in 1737

1688

The East Banat is conquered by the House of Habsburg's general Veterani [born in Venice].

The turkish army from Timisoara is uprising against the ottoman authorities.

~1690-1700

Conscriptio Districtuum. In Banat are known in this period of time 472 villages [only 36 from former Yugoslavia].

1690 

[1699?]

In Banat, the turks will give the land in full property [the land could be inherit and soled/bought] to the peasants -the law was named "Iradeia"- and will cut the fiscal obligations.

1695

Battles at Lugoj, Lipova, and near Timisoara. Veterani is wounded in the Lugoj's battle and will die at Caransebes. 

1696.summer

The imperial troops lead by prince Friedrich August of Saxon are besieging unsuccessfully Timisoara.

1697

Heavy winter in Banat.

1697.09.11

Imperial victory at Zenta, on Tisa River. The troops are lead by Prince Eugene of Savoy [B 18.10.1663 in Paris as son of Prince Eugene Maurice of Savoy-Carignan and Olimpia Mancini; he will leave France in 1683 because the military career was forbidden to him; in 1697 he is appointed already commander in chief of the Habsburg Army from Hungary; D 21.04.1736 in Vienna]

1697-1700

The Romanian Church United with Rome/Greek-Catholic is formed.

1698.11.13-

-1699.01.26

According to the Karlowitz Peace treaty, the Habsburg recognizes the turkish ruling over Banat but Hungary and Transylvania are under Habsburg ruling. The roman-catholic faith will be tolerated in the whole Ottoman Empire.

 

 

 

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