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[1] In this comment, we make reference only to the actual România.
More info about the Slovak's history in România can be found:
- in "Atlasul Cultural al Slovacilor din România", ethnographic and cultural album [more than 1.000 pages and 600 maps]
- in "Ghid despre slovacii din România" by Ondrej Štefanko, Nadlac, Ed. Ivan Krasko, 1998. ISBN 973-9292-33-x. 90 S., 9,20 Euro [a guide about the Slovaks from România in romanian language]
-by writing to:
Publishing house IVAN KRASKO, editor-in-chief Ondrej Štefanko
Str. Independentei nr. 34
Nadlac, cod 2954, Jud. Arad, România
Tel. 0040257473 006; Fax. 0040257473320; E-mail
[2] See more on Banat
[3] There is a well-documented study "Kolonizovanie slovekov do satmarskej, ugocskej a marmarosskej zupy v 18. a zaciatkom 19. storocia" by Paul Dancu, which describes the settling of Slovak colonists in the NE Romania [today Satu Mare and Maramures Counties] in the following villages and mining-towns: Viseu de Sus-1770; Ocna Slatina-1789; Livada-1799; Baia-Mare-1789-1812; Baia-Sprie-1803; Rachov-1814; Kabola-Poljana-1818; Huta-Certeze-1854-'62; Boinesti-1889; Other villages: Ocna Sugatag, Tarna-Mare, Halmi, Baita, Rona, Rachov, Kabola Poljana. The book gives also the list of places where the colonists came from, as well as a list of family names [more details].
[4] - The first Slovaks settled down in România in Mocrea [today in Arad County] in 1747, but separate church books started to be kept only in 1807
- between 1786-1802 we find Slovaks in Stamora Germana [Timis]
- in 1802-'03 a large group of Slovaks, especially from Totkomlos [Hungary], but also from Bekescsaba and Szarvas, settled down in Nadlac - Arad County [starting with the second part of the 19th century this locality represents the spiritual center of Slovaks in Romania]
- in 1813 the Slovaks from Orava and Nitra, but also from Backa and Voivodina, settled down in the romanian Banat: Butin [Timis] and Semlacul Mare [Timis]
- in 1819 the Slovaks from Bekescsaba, but also from Orava and Nitra settled down in Semlac [Arad];
- in 1827 many Slovaks from Velky Krtis settled down in Vucova [Timis]
- in 1828 the Slovaks from Novohrad, Trencin and Nitra and later from Bekescsaba [in 1847] settled down in Brestovat [Timis]
- at the beginning of the 19th century a small number of Slovaks settled down in Tes [Timis], Scaius [Caras-Severin] and Berzovia [Caras-Severin]
- in 1853 the Slovaks from Saris settled down in Peregul Mare [Arad]
- in 1857 a number of 72 families are brought from Rokitan to Resita10 [Caras-Severin]. In 1891 there were already 931 Slovaks living in this town.
- in 1883 the Slovaks from Bekescsaba, but also from Orava and Nitra, settled down in Tipar [Arad]
- in 1892 - evangelic Slovaks colonized in Darova [Timis]
[5] According to the census from 1992 [National Commission for Statistics]
[6] Until Joseph the 2nd's Edict of Tolerance issued in 1781, the Protestants were not allowed to immigrate to Banat. But at FHL you will find also some parish registers for the Evangelische Kirche/evangelic church [for the villages Otelu Rosu, Liebling, etc.].
[7] After the 2nd World War, the state authorities gathered the church registers from the parishes to the local mayoralties in order to issue new identity cards in the 1950's. In the 1960's, these parish records were transferred to archives existing in every romanian county.
[8] In order to perform your own research in România, you need to receive an approval from the National Archives in Bucuresti. Therefore, you have to write them [in romanian or english language; check an example of letter asking for approval mentioning the villages [the exact today's name & county is required] and the religion for which you ask the permission. In 4-6 weeks you will receive [or not!] their approval by snail mail; see the list of addresses for the National Archives branch for every romanian county.
[9] Theoretically, since 1829, in all the Habsburg Empire, all religions have been pledged to keep two sets of these registers and to forward periodically [every year] the duplicate register copy to the municipal archive authorities or to the superior church authorities. Currently, it is not very clear where these copies are, if they survived in time or even if they were kept for every year. We were able to find some of these documents in archives but, for example, at the Roman Catholic Archives of Bishopric-Bishop's Office in Timisoara are to be found only church records for the period after 1895.
[10] For more details contact us privately [for a foreigner these archives are closed].
[11] Check the Romanian Law of the National Archives [in english]
[12] Sometimes it is difficult to locate quickly the right records, as they were spread in different locations during time. In most cases, until the establishment of the parish, the village was a filial parish of another surrounding village and the records must be searched there. For example, this is the case of Resita [founded in 1772, one of the few villages in Banat with a large Lutheran community, until 1945 it was the largest industrial town (metallurgy) in SE Europe]. Village Name: German: Reschitza/ Romanian: Resita / Hungarian: Resicabánya/ Variants: Reschitz. Today's Resita was set up by the reunion of Resita Montana/ Resicabánya and Resita Româna. Today's location: in Caras-Severin County/România.
Genealogical Records:
a] at FHL [microfilm no. 1190371] & Institut Für Auslandsbeziehungen in Stuttgart, Germany:
Village name at FHL/Family History Library : Reschitza
Roman Catholic Church records at FHL: B 1826-1848; M 1826-1848; D 1826-1848/'47[?].
The Roman Catholic Church records covering the period 1772-1826 were lost during the 1848 Revolution.
b] Church records available at National Archives in Caransebes:
-The Roman Catholic community: B 1866-1898; M 1866-1898; D 1862-1899
-The Reformat community: B 1890-1939; D 1890-1950
-The Evangelic community: B 1872-1907; D 1872-1935
c] Records available at Resita's Roman Catholic Parish: B starting 1899 [and up to date]; M starting 1899 [and up to date]; D starting 1900 [and up to date].
d] At Resita Mayoralty: civil registration for the period after 1.10.1895 [and up to present];
e] In this case there are also some good secondary sources: school registers, graveyards or books [unfortunately only in Romanian and German language!] already written for this town.

        Generally, you must check every possibility - FHL or IfA, The Romanian National County's Archives, village Mayoralty, today's Parish, etc. - in order to identify the exact location of all the records as a premise to be successful in your family research.