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OLD MEASUREMENTS UNITS

Some of the measurements units used in Banat during the XVIII-XIX Century:

Distances:
1 Wiener Linie / linie vienezã = 2,195 mm
1 Wiener Zoll / tol = 12 linie = 2,634 cm
1 Wiener Schuh [Wiener Fuß] / foot / picioare = 12 zoll = 144 linie = 0,316 m
1 österreichische Elle / cot = 0,779 m
1 Wiener Klafter/stânjeni vienezi = 6 foot / 6 picioare = 1,8964 m
1 Postmeile [Landesmeile, deutsche Meile] / milã postalã / postal mile = 4000 stânjeni = 7,5859 km

Land:
1 Joch / iugãr [or lante] = 1600 Wiener Klefter2 / stânjeni vienezi2 = 5751,7 m2
1 Joch [Tagwerk] zu 1600 Quadratklafter = 0,575 ha = 1,43 acres
1/4 Joch = 9 Ketten / chains = 1 Viertel
9 Ketten / chains = 1 Viertel = 1/4 Joch
1 Acker / acre = 0,41 ha = 1 acre
1 Session [Ansässigkeit] = 4 Viertel / 4 quarters = 1 Joch = 0,575 ha = 1,43 acres
1/2 Session [Halbe Ansässigkeit] = 2 Viertel / 2 quarters = 1/2 Joch
1 Hufe = 10 ha = 24,71 acres
1 Ar = 100 qm = 120 square yards
1 Hektar / hectare [ha] = 100 Ar = 2,471 acres
1 Wiener Kadastraljoch / iugãr cadastral vienez = 0,575 ha
1 Quadratklafter/ square fathom / stânjen pãtrat = 3,5966 m2 = 4,3 square yards
1 Quadratfuß / square foot / picior la pãtrat = 999,565 cm2
1 Quadratmeile / square mile / milã pãtratã = 57,56 km2
1 Motike [200 Quadratklafter] = 72 Ar = 0,18 acres
1 Viertel [400 Quadratklafter] / quarter = 144 Ar = 0,36 acres
1 Morgen = 0,26 ha = 0,64 acres

Volume & Weight:
1 Kibikklafter / stânjen cub = 216 picioare cub = 6,822 m3
1 Wiener Metze / miertã vienezã [majã] = 61,487 l
1 österreichisches Maß /mãsura = 1,414 l
1 Zentner / centenar = 100 livre / livrã = 56,006 kg
1 Pfund / funt / livra = 32 loth = 0,56 kg / 560 g
1 Wiener Lot/Loth [loton] = 18 gran =17,54 g
1 Unze / uncie = 29,82 g
1 Gran / gran = 0,97 g

Money:
1 Mark [of silver or gold] / mãrca de aur sau argint = 233,947 g
1 Florin [fl.] = 60 Kreuzer / creitari up to 1860 and 100 kreuzer after 1860
1 ducat of gold / de aur = 2 fl. 9 Kreuzer
1 Taler = 2 florin
1 Guilder / Gulden = 2/3 taler; after 1892 the Krone / coroana replace the gulden.

More on the coins & currencies used in Banat on Helmut Flacker's Web Site and in Francis J. Gerner's comment [& pictures!].

Some Prices in Banat's XVIII Century:

Year
Grain
[1 metze]
Barley
[1 metze]
Oat
[1 metze]
Corn
[1 metze]
Beef
[1 Pfund]
Pork
[1 Pfund]
1720 4 cr
1723 2 cr
1724 24-26 cr 24 cr 1 cr
1726 51 cr
1727 42 cr-1 fl 18 cr 4 cr
1728 30 cr 27 cr 1 cr
1729 1 cr 2 cr
1731 2 cr
1733 24 cr 21 cr
1734 2 cr
1735 30-34 cr 1 cr
1736 2 cr
1737 42 cr 24 cr 2 cr
1738 3 cr
1739 42 cr
1740 42 cr 24 cr 21 cr 18 cr 4-6 cr
1741 1 fl 30 cr 21 cr
1743 2-3 cr
1744 42 cr 27 cr 24 cr 18 cr
1748 30 cr
1749 30-45 cr
1750 42 cr 3 cr
1752 24 cr 2 cr
1753 36-45 cr 21-24 cr 18-30 cr 1 cr
1754 42 cr 24 cr 21 cr 24 cr 1 cr
1758 29 cr
1759 30 cr
1760 36 cr 3 cr
1770 24 cr
1776 3 cr

Other examples for payments and prices in the XIX Century on Helmut Flacker's Web Site.


Notes:
The metrical system of measurement was introduced in Banat on January 1, 1876.

The romanian currency LEU / BANI [100 bani=1 leu] appeared in Romania upon a law issued on 4.05.1867 and was introduced in the romanian Banat between 1920-'21.
Shortly after WWI, 1 leu = 0,290322 grams of fine gold [OR 0,32258 grams of gold with the title 900/1000].
In 1929, 1 US$ = 167,18 lei [9 mg. fine gold OR 10 mg. of gold with the title 900/1000].
LEU ["lei" at plural] means "lion" in romanian language.