B

 

bába = midwife

bacsó = master shepherd

bádogos = tinsmith, tinker

bajnok = fighter, champion

baka = foot soldier

bakter = night guard, line inspector, gatekeeper

bal = left [direction]

bánya = mine

bányamérnök = miner engineer

banyamester = miner master

bányamives = miner

bányamunkás = worker in a mine, miner [digger, pick & shovel man ?]

bányász = miner

bányatiszt = mine-officer; bánya = mine + tiszt = officer

baptista = Baptist

barát = friend

barna = brown

báró = baron

bátya = elder brother

Bécs = Vienna

becsületes = honest

bejegyzés ideje = date note made

bejelent = declares, reports

bejelentö = informant

bél = intestines; bowels

belsö = inner

belül = inside

bérés = [farm] hand, servant

béres hired = farm worker

(bér)kocsis = cabman, cab [carriage, hackney] driver

bérlö = [literally] a renter, i.e. "tenant", lessee, “under”-farmer; person who rented out farmland or a sharecropper, land tenant

bérmálás = confirmation [Catholic], to anoint

bermalasi neve = his / her Confirmation name

bérmálók = persons being confirmed

bérmunkás = day labourer, daily paid worker, servant

betegápoló = (sick)nurse

betegség vagy haláloka a halotti = sickness or other cause of death

betegség vagy más halálnemnek megnevezése = illness or other cause of death

bevándorlás = immigration

bevándorló = immigrant

Biblia = Bible

bibliográfia = bibliography

biró = judge, clerk, mayor

birodalom = empire

biróság = court

birtok = property

birtokos = landowner, landowning farmer, owner [land, house]

bitang = vagrant, vagabond

bizonyitvány = certificate, document

bizonyos = certain, sure

bizonyságok = testimonies [witnesses]

bizonytalan = uncertain

bognár = copper, barrel maker, wheel maker, tuber, hopper, cartwright, wheelwright. The word "bognár" came into the Hungarian language from the German word "Wagner" [w->b a->o g n e->a r]. Wheelwright is "a maker and repairer of wheels and wheeled vehicles; one guy doing all the work on the wooden vehicles" (the word goes back to the XIII century). The wheelwright [or wheeler] was often the village waggonwright [also known as a wainwright] as well, building all of the wooden conveyances, from wheelbarrow to horse-drawn wagon.

bojtár = shepherd

Böjtelö hava = February

Böjtmás hava = March

boldog = happy

Boldog Asszony hava = January

boldog Karacsony = Merry Christmas

boltos = shopkeeper

bör keresdedö = wine merchant

borbély = barber

böröndös = maker of (paner) basket from bulrush

börtön-ör = gaoler, turn-key

bugyor =  bag. It is a slang word for táska, a bag which is held together with a string 
bugyoros =  bag-trader, the person who goes around and sell things from his/her bag 

bútoros = furniture merchant

büvész = conjurer, juggler

 

 

DISEASES

baleset = accident

bányaszerencsétlenség = mine accident

bárányhimlö = chicken pox

basedow-kór = basedow sickness

belcsavarodás = intestine’s occlusion

bélfájás = literally bowel’s pain [colic or suffering due mesentery or other intestinal disorder like ulcer]

bélfekély = bowel’s ulcer

bélgyulladás = intestinal infestation of protozoan parasites, coccidiosis [parasitic infection of digestive tract], enteritis

bélhurut = bél+hurut = intestines+cold [inflammation]; intestinal catarrh, intestinal disease

bélrák = bowel’s cancer

bélszükület = intestine’s occlusion

bénulás = paralysis, palsy

betegség = disease, illness

bolondság = madness

börbetegség = cutaneous disease

börbetegség = skin sickness

bubópestis = bubonic plague
búskomorság = melancholy