P

pacatio = payment
paene = almost, nearly
pagina = page of a book
pagus = village; in old Gaelic and Germanic: canton, region/countryside, province, district
Palatinus = [from] Pfalz region
palatium = palatinate
Pampergia = [from] Bamberg
panifex = baker [bread maker]
papa = pope
parens, parentes = parents
pariochialis = parochial, parish
pariter = equally, also
parochia [aka vicarium] = parish. The parish assignments were: pastor/priest [aka parochus], temporary administrator [aka administrator], administrator of local chapel [aka cooperator], (independent) assistant [aka cooperator (expostius)]
parochus = parish priest, priest, pastor, the purveyor in the parish
pars (partis) = area, region
partus = childbirth
partus = birth, childbirth
parvulus = very little, small
parvus = little
pastor = pastor, shepherd
pastor pecorum = cattle herder
paten, patrinus = godfather
pater = father
pater (patris) = father
pater ignotus = father unknown
pater illegitimus = illegitimate father
pater recte = "correct father " (usage: to correct misspelling of father's name or identify alias? )
patres = forefathers, ancestors
patria = homeland, fatherland, native land
patrina = godmother
patrini = godparents
patrinus = godfather
patruelis = cousin on father's side
patruus = uncle (father's brother)
pauper = poor
pax (pace) = peace
pecora = cattle
pecudes = sheep
pedegogus = schoolteacher
pedes = foot soldier
pedestri = on foot/infantries
penult = the last but one, next to the last
per = through, by means of
per subsequens matrimonium legitimatus = legitimized by subsequent marriage
per tempore = in this time
peregrinus = foreign, strange
perendie = day after tomorrow
perfecit = he/she completed, did
periit = he/she perished, died
perillustris dominus = esteemed man
peritus = deceased, dead
peritus est = he died
pictor = painter
pie = piously
pigator = dyer
piger nullius = poor, lazy, idle
piscator = fisherman
pisoris magister = piso/mortar; magister/chief, head/master, foreman
pistor = miller or baker/pastry
pius = pious
plebius = commoner (as opposed to nobility)
plutus = christening, baptized, sprinkled
Polonus (Poliensis) = Poland
pomerid = afternoon (p.m.)
pons (pontis) = bridge
popula = people
post = after
post partum = after birth
posterus = following
posthumus = born after death of father
postridie = on the day after, a day later
potater = drinker
potuit = could
praeceptor = young teacher
praedia = [in roman law] piece of land
praediolum = a small landed property, small estate
praedium = [Prädien in German language; often -mainly on old maps- abbreviated as P. before the name of the location] a landed property, estate, land; a pledge, consisting of land, given by a guarantor in respect of a transaction between another private party and the state; maierhof (manorial farm) of the village. Praedial servitutes imply the existence of two praedia, one of which owes a servitus [praedium] to the other.
In late medieval documents praedium designates also a desert village [praedium desertum], similar to uncultivated plain, grassland, stubblefield. Sometimes -as "praedia populosa"- is just designating a village [villa].
Webster's dictionary (ed. 1938): Präedial [adjective] see Predial [adjective; French predial, from Latin praedium = a farm or estate]
1. consisting of land or farms; as, predial estate, that is, real estate
2. attached to land or farms; as predial slaves
3. growing or issuing from land; as predial tithes.
The New College Latin to English dictionary: praedium = [noun] estate, farm; collateral consisting of land.
praedium urbanum = land (whether in town or country) used principally for building
preceptor = teacher, instructor
predefunctus = previously deceased (such as before the birth of a child)
predictus = aforesaid
prefatus = aforesaid
prefectus = magistrate
praefectus horrei = granary / storehouse overseer
pregnata = pregnant
premissus = published previously (such as marriage banns)
prenobilis = respected, honorable, esteemed
presbyter = elder. Elders make up the governing board sometimes called the Session. Ministers can be elders, too. A fully ordained minister in the Methodist Church is called an Elder.
presens (presentis) = present, in attendance
preter = besides, also, past, beyond
pretor = village mayor
pridie = the day before
primogenitus = first-born child
primus = first
princeps = prince
principatus = principality
principis = in the company or division of
privigna = stepdaughter
privignus = stepson
pro = for, in behalf of, as far as
proclamationis = banns, decree
procurator = lawyer, monastic official
progenitus = firstborn
proles = issue, child, offspring (gender not given)
proles mortua = stillbirth
promulgationis = decree, banns
promulgato = proclamation
prope = near, close to
propter = because of, near
prout = as, accordingly
provisa (f.); provisus (m.) = provided ( usage: "was give the last rites" )
provisa sacramentis = observed the holy sacrament
proximus = previous, preceding
pudica = chaste, upright
pudica virgo = virgin young woman, chaste [clean, decent] virgin
puella = [single/not married] girl
puer = [single/not married] boy
puerperal = mother (i.e., newly-delivered mother)
puerperium = childbirth
purgatus = baptized, purged, cleansed
purgatus = christening
puta = reputed, supposed

DISEASES

paralisis cordis = hart attack
paristhmitis = quinsy
pemphigus = skin disease of watery blisters
pericarditis = inflammation of heart
peripneumonia = inflammation of lungs
peritonotis = inflammation of abdominal area
pestis = plague
phraenesis (frenesis) = brain inflammation in infancy?
phthiriasis = lice infestation; from Greek "phtheiriasis"; condition of being infected with lice. Synonym: pediculosis
phthisis, phtysis = chronic wasting away due to, or a name for, tuberculosis or consumption. See consumption [in the 19th century tuberculosis was also referred to as the "Hungarian disease"]
phytosis = disease caused by a vegetable parasite; presence of vegetable parasite; any disease caused by a phytoparasite/phytoparasite/parasite vegetable organism
pirexia = hipertermia, fever
pleuritis = pleurisy
pneumonia = inflammation of the lungs with congestion or consolidation, caused by viruses, bacteria, or physical and chemical agents
pneumotyphus = pneumonia & typhus fever?
podagra = gout
poliomielitis = polio
proflurium = diarrhea